Cadastral Information For GIS Specialists
Part One - Overview Of The PLSS
Land Tenure And Land Interests
Land ownership involves more than boundaries, corners,
field notes and plats. Ownership also includes all of the concepts
and issues surrounding land tenure.
Land tenure is the complex set of issues encompassing
the conditions related to ownership and occupancy of land. There
are many kinds of land tenure, and numerous rights and issues which relate
to the land. The following summarizes some of the concepts of land
Land tenure is often thought of as dealing with full owners,
part owners, managers, and/or tenants. In context of the Public Land
Survey System, Federal cadastral land tenure is primarily concerned with:
Fee – unconditional ownership of land, with power of disposition,
extending to heirs and legal representatives.
Less than fee – ownership of land, subject to conditions.
Rights – access to the use of the land and its resources.
Trust – land title held by the government as trustee for
a federally recognized Indian tribe or an individual member of a tribe.
|In addition to types of ownership, land tenure includes
not only the land itself but also the capital affixed to it, the valuation,
and the resources that you would expect to receive as a buyer or renter
of the land, such as a farm.
Some of the land tenure issues which relate directly to
the survey and management of public lands include:
The list above begins to describe land interests. Land
interests involve the intricacies of ownership, zoning, rights-of-way and
easements, political jurisdictions, valuation, and taxation. The
nature of an interest in land encompasses the rights and restrictions affecting
the use of the land and its resources. Land interest also is concerned
with the extent of interests, that is, the boundaries of the interests
in space and time.
multiple overlapping uses of land and water resources for
both public and private uses
fees, charges, rentals, leases for use of public lands or
the resources on public lands
acquisition of land from, and disposition to, private parties
and non-federal governments
development and management of resources
access to, and trespass on, public lands and recreation and
multiple use of resources
above surface, surface, and subsurface rights
fee ownership and less than fee ownership
unwritten property rights, future rights, reversionary rights,
Continue to Part
One: How The Public Land Survey System Works
Return to Part One main page
Table Of Contents - Cadastral
Information For GIS Specialists
Links to the other Cadastral Courses:
The Cadastral Data Content Standard
Recorders And The Cadastral Data Content Standard
And The Cadastral Data Content Standard
Presented by the United States Department of the Interior
Bureau of Land Management, and
the Federal Geographic Data Committee Cadastral Subcommittee